Written by Nadia Evangelina
Thanks to the advance of technologies, art has been enriched before the new possibilities of creating, which is reflected in photography or film. But in recent years we are living an unprecedented technological revolution that has given rise to digital art, which largely combines art, science, and technology. Digital art is a diverse and heterogeneous concept difficult to define. The truth is that this creative discipline of the visual arts is a relatively new and developing form of expression that has emerged around the application of vectorial and gratifying programs. This implies that the use of digital tools is essential both in the production process and in its exhibition.
Among the artists who are pillars that have unleashed new points of view and have definitively influenced digital art are Stelarc, Eva, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Nam June Paik, Stelarc, and Antoni Muntadas. Nowadays, we can talk about Cory Arcangel, Olia Lialina, Jon Rafman, Artie Vierkant, Petra Cortright, Hito Steyerl, among others.
One of the main particularities of digital art is the diversity of the different types of format or technique. Digital art includes, for example, Net Art, Generative Art, Airbrushing, 3D Modeling, Pixel Art, Typographic Art, Vectorial Art, Interactivity, Digital Sculpture, Photography, and Digital Image or even Gif Art. The revolution of digital art consists, on the one hand, in the replacement of the conventional processes of artistic creation by software capable of generating a concept of art, deceiving the viewer by making him see a programming code instead of a traditional representation. On the other hand, this artistic expression is increasingly conceived to encourage interaction, participation, and intervention with the public.
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Today, artists can easily access this art field using different art design programs, including Photoshop, Corel Painter, Google Autodraw, Google Blocks, and Rebelle. The growth of digital art can be seen in the multiple platforms and exhibition spaces that emerged. In 2018, the Mori Building Digital Art Museum was created, the first digital museum in history. There are also more and more biennials, festivals, and even fairs dedicated to digital art, for example, the Biennale Nemo in Paris, the Ars Electronica in Linz, the Loop Fair, and Loop Festival in Spain, and The Wrong. In the online space, we can highlight DeviantArt, a website that brings together digital artists from around the world and allows them to interact with the rest of the community members, whether they are artists, art lovers, or Internet users. As for Byte Space, it is an exclusively online museum that you must visit.
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